1947. Ministries of health and Director-General
of Health Services established at the Centre and States.
The Indian Nursing Council Act passed.
1948. India joined the World Health Organisation
and the Employees State Insurance Act passed. The Dental
Council of India established under the Dentist Act.
1949. The Registrar-General India
appointed in the Ministry of Home Affairs. WHO opened its
South East Asia Regional Office in New Delhi. The Indian
Pharmacy Council and Family Planning Association of India
1950. India became a Republic in the
Commonwealth. The Planning Commission was set up by the
Government of India.
1951. The beginning of the first Five Year Plan.
The B.C.G. vaccination programme launched in the country.
1952. The Community Development Programme launched
for the all-round rural development. The Central Council
of Health constituted. First Primary Health Centre set
1953. The National Malaria Control Programme and
National Extension Service Programme for rural
development started. A nation-wide family planning
programme started. A committee appointed to draft a Model
Public Health Act for the country.
1954. The Contributory Health Service Scheme
(Central Government Health Scheme), the Central Social
Welfare Board, the National Water Supply and Sanitation
Programme and the National Leprosy Control Programme
started. The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act passed
1955. The National Filaria Control
Programme commenced. The National TB sample survey
1956. The Second Five Year Plan started. The Model
Public Health Act published and the Central Health
Education Bureau established in the Union Health
Ministry. The Indian Medical Council established.
1957. Influenza pandemic swept the country. The
Demographic Research Centres established in Calcutta,
Delhi and Trivandrum.
1958. The National Malaria Control
Programme converted into National Malaria Eradication
Programme. The National Development Council endorses
Panchayati Raj. The National TB survey completed.
1959. The Mudaliar Committee appointed. A Central
Expert Committee recommended eradication of small pox and
cholera. Rajasthan introduces Panchayati Raj. National
Tuberculosis Institute at Bangalore established.
1960. The School Health Committee and the National
Nutrition Advisory Committee constituted.
1961. The Third Five Year Plan launched. The
Mudaliar Committee report published. The Central Bureau
of Health Intelligence established.
1962. The Central Family Planning Institute
established in Delhi. The National Smallpox eradication
Programme and the School Health Programme initiated, the
National Goitre Control Programme and the District
Tuberculosis Programme launched.
1963. The Applied Nutrition Programme was
launched with aid from UNICEF, FAO and WHO. The National
Institute of Communicable Diseases (formerly Malaria
Institute of India) inaugurated and the National Trachoma
Control Programme started. A Drinking Water Board and the
Chadah Committee established.
1964. The National Institute of Health
Administration and Education opened.
1965. Reinforced Extended Family Planning
Programme launched. The Mukerji Committee set up.
1966. A separate department of Family
Planning created under the Health Ministry. The
Population Councils International Postpartum Family
Planning programme started in Delhi and Trivandrum.
1967. The Central Council of Health recommended
levy of health cess on patients. The Jungalwala Committee
1968. The Small Family Committees Report
submitted. Govt. appointed the Medical Education
1969. The Fourth Five Year Plan launched. The
Nutrition Research Laboratories became the National
Institute of Nutrition. The Central Births and Deaths
Registration Act promulgated.
1970. The Drugs (Price Control) Order
promulgated. All India Hospital (Post-partum) Family
Planning Programme started. The Population Council of
India and the Central Council of Indian Medicine
(Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha) formed. VHAI comes into
1971. The Family Pension Scheme (FPS) for
industrial workers came into force. The Medical
Termination of Pregnancy Bill passed by the Parliament.
Uni-purpose Health Workers converted into Multi-purpose
1972. National Service Bill passed. The National
Nutrition Monitoring Bureau set up.
1973. National Programme of Minimum Needs was
incorporated in the Fifth Five Year Plan. The Government
envisaged a scheme for setting up 30-bedded rural
hospitals; one such hospital for every 4 primary health
centres. The Kartar Singh Committee recommended a new
cadre of health workers called "Multi-purpose Health
Workers". The Central Council of Homeopathy set up.
The Kartar Singh Committee established.
1974. The Fifth Five Year Plan launched.
Parliament enacted the Water (Prevention and Control of
1975. India became smallpox-free. A Revised
strategy for NMEP accepted. The "Integrated Child
Development" scheme launched. The National
Childrens Welfare Board set up. The Cigarettes
Regulation (Production, Supply and Distribution) Act
passed by the Parliament. The Srivastava Committee set
1976. The Equal Remuneration Act
promulgated providing for equal wages from men and women
for equal work. A new Population Policy introduced. A
National Programme for Prevention of Blindness
formulated. The Central Council for Yoga and Naturopathy
1977. The National Institute of Health and Family
Planning formed. The Rural Health Scheme launched.
Community Health Volunteers (Guides) scheme taken up.
"Population Control and Family Planning" was
put in the concurrent list. WHO adopted the goal of
`Health for All by 2000 AD.
1978. A Bill on Air Pollution introduced in the
Lok Sabha. The Parliament approved the Child Marriage
Restraint (Amendment Bill fixing the minimum age of
marriage of 21 years for boys and 18 years for girls.
1979. The World Health Assembly endorsed the
Declaration of Alma Ata on primary health
1980. Smallpox officially declared eradicated from
the entire world by the World Health Assembly. The Sixth
Five Year Plan launched.
1981. The census taken. WHO and Member countries
adopted the global strategy for Health For
All. The Report of the Working Group on Health for
All, set up by the Planning Commission, published. The
first AIDS case detected in the country.
1982. The Govt. of India announced the National
Health Policy. Amendment done on the Drugs and Cosmetics
Act of 1940.
1983. India launched a national plan of action
against avoidable disablement, known as "IMPACT
India". The National Leprosy Control Programme
became the National Leprosy Eradication Programme.
Guinea-worm Eradication Programme launched.
1984. The Bhopal Gas tragedy, the worst ever
industrial accident killing at least 2500 people and no
fewer than 50,000 affected. The ESI (Amendment) Bill
approved by Parliament and the Workmens
Compensation (Amendment) Act came into force.
1985. The Seventh Five year Plan launched. The
Universal Immunisation Programme started. The Lepers Act,
1898 was repealed by the Parliament. A separate
Department of Women and Child development set up under
the newly created Ministry of Human Resource Development.
1986. The Environment (Protection) Act and the
Consumer Protection Act were promulgated. National Drug
1987. The New 20 Point Programme launched. A
worldwide "safe motherhood" campaign was
launched by World Bank. National Diabetes Control
Programme and National AIDS Control Programme initiated.
The Mental Health Act passed. The Drugs (Price Control)
1988. Hospitals and Other Institutions (Redressal
of Grievances of Employees) Bill passed.
1989. Blood Safety Programme was launched. The ESI
(Amendment) Act modified.
1990. Control of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI)
Programme initiated as a pilot project in 14 districts.
1991. India stages the last decadal Census of the
Century. Population of India was 844.32 million.
Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (regulation and
prevention of misuse) Act enacted.
1992. Eighth Five Year Plan launched. Child
Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme (CSSM) launched in
the country. The Infant Milk Substitute, Feeding Bottles
and Infant Foods (Regulation of Production, Supply and
Distribution) Act passed. The State of Indias
Health Report by VHAI released.
1993. A major earthquake kills over 2000 people in
1994. Return of Plague after 28 years of silence
in few parts of the country. The Transplantation of Human
Organs Bill passed. The first Heart Transplantation
Surgery in the country done at AIIMS, New Delhi. Malaria
epidemic strikes Rajasthan. Swaminathan Committee Report
1995. The revised Rational Drug Policy announced.
Malaria epidemic strikes Assam. The Persons with
Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights
and Full Participation) Act passed.
1996. Dengue epidemic in Delhi. Malaria strikes
again many northern States of India. The Central Govt.
publishes the list of essential drugs. The
Revised National TB Control Programme initiated. The
Supreme Court orders the government to set up the
National Council of Blood Transfusion.
1997. The National Illness Assistance Fund
launched. Delhi government enacts Anti-Smoking Bill.